Croatia's best track and field athlete Blanka Vlašić won the high jump silver medal at the Beijing Olympic Games clearing 2.05 m on her second attempt. Her silver medal is Croatia's first athletics Olympic medal and one of the greatest successes of Croatian athletics. Gold went to Belgium's Tia Hellebaut, who cleared 2.05 on her first attempt, and bronze went to Russia's Anna Chicherova, who cleared 2.03. Filip Ude, who arrived in Beijing as European Pommel Horse Champion, earned 15.725 points and the silver medal for his performance.

The gold medal went to three-time World Pommel Horse Champion Xiao Qin of China, who won 15.875 points. Filip Ude's silver medal is the greatest success of Croatian gymnastics, just as Snježana Pejčić's bronze medal in the air rifle (500.9 points) is for Croatian shooting sport. The very first athlete who had a medal presented by IOC President Jacques Rogge in Beijing was bronze medallist Snježana Pejčić. Taekwondo brought in two medals, earned by Martina Zubčić and Sandra Šarić. Croatia's youngest Olympic medallist, 19-year old Martina Zubčić, defeated Taiwan's Sung Yu-Chi on a golden point in the fourth, golden round of the -57 kg bronze medal bout, after a tied score of 4-4. Sandra Šarić won her -67 kg medal in the repechage, as she had lost 1-3 to South Korea's two-time World Champion Kyung-Sun Hwang in the quarterfinal. As Hwang made the final (and eventually won the gold medal), Sandra got another chance in the repechage, in which she defeated Sheikha Maitha Al-Maktoum of the United Arab Emirates 4-0, and then also Puerto Rico's Asuncion Ocasio Rodriguez 5-1 in the bronze medal bout.