Handball is present at the Olympics since the Olympic Games in Munich in 1972.
The first Croatian handball players participating at the Olympics (Munich Olympics 1972), also the winners of the first Croatian Olympic medal (gold), were: Hrvoje Horvat, Zdravko Miljak, Miroslav Pribanić, Dobrivoje Selec, Albin Vidović, Zdenko Zorko and Đorđe Lavrnić.
Katica Ileš, Mirjana Ognjenović, Ana Titlić and Biserka Višnjić are the winners of silver Olympic medal, won at the Olympic Games in Moscow in 1980
Mirjana Ognjenović, Jasna Ptujec and Biserka Višnjić have won gold Olympic medal at the Olympic Games in Los Angeles in 1984.
Pavle Jurina and Zdravko Zovko have won the gold Olympic medal at the Olympic Games in Los Angeles in 1984.
Mirko Bašić, Boris Jarak, Alvaro Načinović, Goran Perkovac, Zlatko Saračević and Irfan Smajlagić have won the bronze medal at the Olympic Games in Seoul in 1988.
Under the Croatian flag, the first Olympic medal (gold) has been won by Patrik Čavar, Slavko Goluža, Božidar Jović, Nenad Kljajić, Venio Losert, Valter Matošević, Alvaro Načinović, Goran Perkovac, Iztok Puc, Zlatko Saračević, Irfan Smajlagić, Bruno Gudelj, Zoran Mikulić, Vladimir Jelčić, Valner Franković and Vladimir Šujster (Atlanta Olympics 1996).
Ivano Balić, Davor Dominiković, Mirza Džomba, Slavko Goluža, Nikša Kaleb, Blaženko Lacković, Venio Losert, Valter Matošević, Petar Metličić, Vlado Šola, Denis Špoljarić, Goran Šprem, Igor Vori, Drago Vuković and Vedran Zrnić have won the gold Olympic medal at the Olympic Games in Athens in 2004.
Mirko Alilović, Venio Losert, Manuel Štrlek, Ivan Ninčević, Ivan Čupić, Zlatko Horvat, Igor Vori, Jakov Gojun, Drago Vuković, Blaženko Lacković, Domagoj Duvnjak, Ivano Balić, Marko Kopljar, Denis Buntić and Damir Bičanić have won the bronze Olympic medal at the Olympic Games in London in 2012.