Two Olympic cycles after Atlanta 1996, where gold medals glistened around their necks, the Croatian men's handball team repeated the success and brought the second gold medal back to independent Croatia. The following players led by coach Lino Červar climbed the top step of the podium in Athens:

Ivano Balić, Davor Dominiković, Mirza Džomba, Nikša Kaleb, Blaženko Lacković, Petar Metličić, Vlado Šola, Denis Špoljarić, Goran Šprem, Igor Vori, Drago Vuković and Vedran Zrnić, as well as Valter Matošević, Venio Losert and Slavko Goluža, who were on both Olympic gold medal winning teams.Duje Draganja's silver medal in Athens was the first Olympic medal in the history of Croatian swimming since the declaration of independence. After winning bronze in the men's eight at Sydney, Croatia's best rowers Siniša and Nikša Skelin won silver at Athens. In the coxless pair final, the Skelin brothers finished 1.88 seconds behind the Olympic Champions Drew Ginn and James Tomkins of Australia and 0.76 seconds ahead of the bronze medallists Donovan Cech and Ramon Di Clemente of the RSA. With his bronze weightlifting medal in the -69 kg category, Nikolay Pechalov rounded off his long and successful Olympic career with four appearances and four medals. Mario Ančić and Ivan Ljubičić won the bronze medal in the men's tennis doubles, defeating India's Mahesh Bhupati and Leander Paes after over four hours of play and rounded off the most prolific Olympic Games since Croatia's declaration of independence.