Since their first participation under the Croatian flag in 1992 and including the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing, Croatian athletes have won a total of 24 Olympic medals: 17 at the Summer and 7 at the Winter Olympic Games.

Since their first participation under the Croatian flag in 1992 and including the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing, Croatian athletes have won a total of 27 Olympic medals: 17 at the Summer and 10 at the Winter Olympic Games.
Out of the 17 medals won at the Games of the Olympiad, three were gold (two in handball and one in weightlifting), six were silver (athletics, basketball, gymnastics, rowing, swimming, water polo) and eight were bronze medals (three in tennis, two in taekwondo, and one in rowing, shooting and weightlifting). Out of the 10 medals won at the Olympic Winter Games, six were won by Janica Kostelic (four gold and two silver medals) and three silver medals was won by her brother Ivica Kostelic.

The first Olympic participation of the Croatian delegation was in the 1992 Olympic Winter Games in Albertville, and it went down in history, but Croatian athletes won their first Olympic medals only later that year. A silver medal was won by the basketball team, led by Drazen Petrovic, one of the best basketball players in the world, who had won three Olympic medals (Los Angeles 1984, Seoul 1988 and Barcelona 1992) and was the first European basketball player to play in the NBA. Unfortunately, he died in a tragic car accident in 1993. Tennis player Goran Ivanisevic, one of Croatia's best athletes, won two bronze medals – one in the singles event and the other in the doubles with Goran Prpic.

In Atlanta in 1996, the Croatian national anthem was played for the first time ever at the Olympic Games thanks to the Croatian handball team. This was the first Olympic gold medal won by a Croatian team.

The 1998 Olympic Winter Games in Nagano were the beginning of the rocketing career of the then 16-year old Alpine skier Janica Kostelic, who would win six Olympic medals later on (Salt Lake City 2002 and Turin 2006) and become the Croatian athlete who has won the most Olympic medals ever.